Angus Trumble
Master of the Rolls

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Early works

Burchardus, Abbot of Bellevaux (d. 1163) (1935). Apologia de Barbis. Nunc Primum ex Ms. Add. 41997 Musæi Britannici, edidit E. Ph. Goldschmidt. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. For which see also Constable, G. (1985). "Introduction on Beards in the Middle Ages," in Apologia de barbis by Burchard of Bellevaux, edited by R. Huygens (Corpus christianorum, 62, pp. 47—150).

Kirchmayer, G. (1698). De Majestate Juribusque Barbae,…Disserent…praeses Georgius Caspar Kirchmajerus…et Respondens Caspar Daniel Morhofius… Wittenberg: Christiani Schrödteri…

Dulaure, J.-A. (1786). Pogonologia, or, A Philosophical and Historical Essay on Beards, translated from the French [by Edward Drewe?]. Exeter: Printed by R. Thorn; and sold by T. Cadell, London.

Kingsbury, B. (1814). A Treatise on Razors, in which the Weight, Shape, and Temper of a Razor, the Means of Keeping it in Order, and the Manner of Using it, are particularly considered… London: E. Blackader.


Andrews, W. (1969). At the Sign of the Barber’s Pole: Studies in Hirsute History. Detroit, MI: Singing Tree Press.

Anon. (1853). "To the Editor of The Times," The Times, September 14, p. 5.

Anon. (1854). "Shaving in the Army," The Times, June 6, p. 8.

Anon. (1859). "To the Editor of The Times," The Times, July 26, p. 10.

Anon. (1868). "The question of the right of barristers to wear moustaches…" The Times, July 6, p. 10.

Anon. (1869). "Naval Intelligence," The Times, July 12, p. 12.

Anon. (1877). "Spectacles and Moustaches," The Times, December 14, p. 10.

Anon. (1908). "Beard," Chambers’s Encyclopædia: A Dictionary of Universal Knowledge. New ed., Edinburgh: William and Robert Chambers, Vol. I: A to Beaufort, pp. 819—820.

Coster, I. (1948). The Sharpest Edge in the World: The Story of the Rise of a Great Industry. London: Gillette Industries.

Dunkling, L., and Foley, J. (1990). The Guinness Book of Beards and Moustaches. London: Guinness.

Gowing, T. (1850?) The Philosophy of Beards: A Lecture, Physiological, Artistic & Historical. Ipswich: J. Haddock.

Hiltebeitel, A., and Miller, B. (1998). Hair: Its Power and Meaning in Asian Cultures. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Lawrence, E. (1936). The Hair in Health and Disease: A New Explanation of Diseases of the Hair, Scalp, and Skin and of "Barber’s Disease" in Particular. London: Pitman & Sons.

Lawrence, J. (1857). "A Short Account of the Bearded and Hairy Female," Lancet, 00, p. 48.

Leach, E. (1958). "Magical Hair," Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 88, pp. 147—164.

Megas, G. (1955). Der Bartlose im neugriechischen Märchen. Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia (FF Communications, 157).

Mitchell, E. (1930). Concerning Beards. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co.

Nohain, J., and Caradec, F. (1969). La Vie exemplaire de la femme à barbe, Clémentine Delait, 1865—1939. Paris: La Jeune Parque.

Peterkin, A. (2002). One Thousand Beards: A Cultural History of Facial Hair. Vancouver, BC: Turnaround.

Phillippe, A. (1845). Histoire philosophique, politique et religieuse de la barbe chez les principaux peoples de la terre. Paris: Martinon.

Pocock, R. (1914). "On the Facial Vibrissae of Mammalia," Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 23, pp. 889—912.

Reynolds, R. (1950). Beards: An Omnium Gatheram. London: Allen & Unwin.

Robbins, C. (1979). The Chemical and Physical Behavior of Human Hair. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co.

Ryder, M. (1973). Hair. London: Edward Arnold.

Seghers, C. (1882). "The Practice of Shaving in the Latin Church," American Catholic Quarterly Review, 7, pp. 280—281.

Young, I. (1978). The Book of Beards: A Pictorial Chronology of the Beards of Western Civilization. Bronx, NY: Milady.


© Angus Trumble 2003